10 Countries Producing Diamonds in Africa

Africa is a continent blessed with a wealth of valuable minerals that are crucial for economic development. From extensive oil reserves to lush agricultural lands, the continent is a treasure trove of natural resources.

Among these riches, diamonds stand out as one of the most sought-after treasures, significantly contributing to the economic growth of many African nations.

Here, we present the top diamond-producing countries in Africa, based on recent statistics from the Kimberley Process.

10 Countries Producing Diamonds in Africa

Botswana

Botswana is the leading diamond producer in Africa, with an impressive production volume of 24,509,939 carats, valued at $4.7 billion. The country’s diamond industry is a significant contributor to its economy, transforming it from one of the poorest countries in the world to an upper-middle-income nation. Botswana’s diamonds are known for their high quality, and the country is home to some of the world’s largest diamond mines, including the Jwaneng and Orapa mines.

Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) follows with a production volume of 9,908,997 carats, valued at approximately $65 million. Despite its vast natural resources, the DRC faces numerous challenges, including political instability and infrastructure deficits. Artisanal mining is prevalent, with many small-scale miners contributing to the overall production.

South Africa

South Africa, with a production volume of 9,660,233 carats and a value of over $1.5 billion, holds a prominent place in the global diamond industry. The country is historically significant as the birthplace of the modern diamond industry, with the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in the late 19th century. Today, South Africa continues to produce high-quality diamonds from mines such as Venetia and Cullinan.

Angola

Angola’s diamond production stands at 8,763,309 carats, valued at nearly $2 billion. The country has one of the richest diamond deposits in the world, particularly in the Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul provinces. Angola’s diamond industry has seen substantial growth since the end of the civil war in 2002, with increased foreign investment and improved mining technologies driving production.

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe produces 4,461,450 carats of diamonds, with a market value of approximately $424 million. The Marange diamond fields in eastern Zimbabwe are among the largest diamond-producing areas in Africa. Despite controversies surrounding the Marange fields, including allegations of human rights abuses and corruption, diamonds remain a vital part of Zimbabwe’s economy, contributing significantly to the country’s GDP.

Namibia

Namibia’s diamond production totals 2,054,227 carats, valued at $1.2 billion. The country is unique in that a significant portion of its diamond production comes from offshore mining, where diamonds are extracted from the seabed along the coast.

Lesotho

Lesotho, although small, produces 727,736 carats of diamonds, valued at over $314 million. The country is home to the Letseng mine, known for producing some of the largest and highest-quality diamonds in the world.

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone’s diamond production is 688,970 carats, with a value of approximately $143 million. The country has a long history of diamond mining, with both artisanal and industrial operations. The Koidu mine is one of the most significant diamond mines in Sierra Leone.

Tanzania

Tanzania produces 375,533 carats of diamonds, valued at around $111 million. The country is known for the Williamson diamond mine, one of the oldest continuously operating diamond mines in the world.

Guinea

Guinea rounds out the list with a production of 128,770 carats, valued at approximately $6.6 million. The country has substantial diamond reserves, particularly in the regions of Kerouane and Forecariah.

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